1. Station for travelers
There are two fundamentally different types of stations for travelers. In a traditional station, the train stops, passengers get off and on the train respectively, after which the train continues in the same direction (stop & go). In a so-called termini (end station), the train stops, passengers get off, the train turns, passengers get on and the train departs from the station in the direction from which it arrived at the station (stop & turn).
For the Jo-Jo train, which has its track on pillars / bridges / viaducts, shuttles arrive as individual railway vehicles to the station "upstairs". Shuttles, including rails, take the elevator downstairs and change passengers. Everyone who comes to the station gets off. It's their terminus. Disembarkation takes place, for example, through the door at the front of the shuttle. In that case, boarding takes place from the shuttle's back door. At the same time as the shuttle is lowered one flight of stairs, a new track is hoisted down from two stairs up to one flight of stairs up. With the aid of such a device, a shuttle can pass over another shuttle which changes passengers. For stations that always have only a few passengers, no such "extra track" is needed from two stairs up. For stations with many concurrent passengers, more "elevator units" are needed one after the other. Since a single shuttle is only 24 meters long, each lift unit requires only about 35 meters in length.
For the termini, it gets a little more complicated. When the passenger change is complete, the shuttle must be moved sideways and turned, before it can be hoisted up to the exit track from the station. Page movement because we never want the opposite direction of travel of vehicles on the same track.
The finesse of the termini is that we get the same path into the station as out of it. The impact on urban planning/living environment/disturbance will only be half as great. We also free up central land that can be used for other purposes.